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อ่าน: 3880 หลักฐานแสดงความเกี่ยวโยงบิน ลาเดนกับการก่อการร้าย 11 ก.ย.
Joe:D
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 เมื่อ 05 ต.ค. 01, 03:20

จากเว็บไซท์ http://www.number10.gov.uk'
target='_blank'>http://www.number10.gov.uk ของอังกฤษ

 
ขอคัดลอกข้อความบางส่วนมาให้อ่านกันครับ




size=2>This document does not purport to provide a prosecutable case
against Usama Bin Laden in a court of law. Intelligence often cannot be used
evidentially, due both to the strict rules of admissibility and to the need
to protect the safety of sources. But on the basis of all the information
available HMG is confident of its conclusions as expressed in this
document.





RESPONSIBILITY FOR THE
TERRORIST ATROCITIES IN THE UNITED STATES, 11 SEPTEMBER 2001


/>
INTRODUCTION




1. The clear conclusions reached by
the government are:



Usama Bin Laden and Al Qaida, the
terrorist network which he heads, planned and carried out the atrocities on
11 September 2001;



Usama Bin Laden and Al Qaida retain
the will and resources to carry out further atrocities;


/>
the United Kingdom, and United Kingdom nationals are potential targets;
and



Usama Bin Laden and Al Qaida were able to commit
these atrocities because of their close alliance with the Taleban r้gime,
which allowed them to operate with impunity in pursuing their terrorist
activity.



2. The material in respect of 1998 and the USS
Cole comes from indictments and intelligence sources. The material in
respect of 11 September comes from intelligence and the criminal
investigation to date. The details of some aspects cannot be given, but the
facts are clear from the intelligence.



3. The document
does not contain the totality of the material known to HMG, given the
continuing and absolute need to protect intelligence sources.
/>


SUMMARY



4. The relevant facts
show:



Background



Al Qaida is a
terrorist organisation with ties to a global network, which has been in
existence for over 10 years. It was founded, and has been led at all times,
by Usama Bin Laden.



Usama Bin Laden and Al Qaida have
been engaged in a jihad against the United States, and its allies. One of
their stated aims is the murder of US citizens, and attacks on America’s
allies.



Usama Bin Laden and Al Qaida have been based in
Afghanistan since 1996, but have a network of operations throughout the
world. The network includes training camps, warehouses, communication
facilities and commercial operations able to raise significant sums of money
to support its activity. That activity includes substantial exploitation of
the illegal drugs trade from Afghanistan.



Usama Bin
Laden’s Al Qaida and the Taleban r้gime have a close and mutually dependent
alliance. Usama Bin Laden and Al Qaida provide the Taleban r้gime with
material, financial and military support. They jointly exploit the drugs
trade. The Taleban r้gime allows Bin Laden to operate his terrorist training
camps and activities from Afghanistan, protects him from attacks from
outside, and protects the drugs stockpiles.



Usama Bin
Laden could not operate his terrorist activities without the alliance and
support of the Taleban r้gime. The Taleban’s strength would be seriously
weakened without Usama Bin Laden’s military and financial support.
/>


Usama Bin Laden and Al Qaida have the capability to execute
major terrorist attacks.



Usama Bin Laden has claimed
credit for the attack on US soldiers in Somalia in October 1993, which
killed 18; for the attack on the US Embassies in Kenya and Tanzania in
August 1998 which killed 224 and injured nearly 5000; and were linked to the
attack on the USS Cole on 12 October 2000, in which 17 crew members were
killed and 40 others injured.



They have sought to
acquire nuclear and chemical materials for use as terrorist weapons.
/>


In relation to the terrorist attacks on 11 September

/>


5. After 11 September we learned that, not long before, Bin
Laden had indicated he was about to launch a major attack on America. The
detailed planning for the terrorist attacks of 11 September was carried out
by one of UBL’s close associates. Of the 19 hijackers involved in 11
September 2001, it has already been established that at least three had
links with Al Qaida. The attacks on 11 September 2001 were similar in both
their ambition and intended impact to previous attacks undertaken by Usama
Bin laden and Al Qaida, and also had features in common. In particular:
/>


Suicide attackers



Co-ordinated attacks on
the same day

The aim to cause maximum American casualties
/>


Total disregard for other casualties, including Muslim
/>


Meticulous long-term planning



Absence of
warning.



6. Al Qaida retains the capability and the will
to make further attacks on the US and its allies, including the United
Kingdom.



7. Al Qaida gives no warning of terrorist
attack.



THE FACTS



/>
...

(ข้ามข้อ 8-60 ซึ่งเกี่ยวกับ Usama Bin Laden and Al Qaida,
The Taleban Regime, a Bin Laden and previous attacks)

...
/>


Usama Bin Laden and the 11 September
attacks




61. Nineteen men have been identified as the
hijackers from the passenger lists of the four planes hijacked on 11
September 2001. At least three of them have already been positively
identified as associates of Al Qaida. One has been identified as playing key
roles in both the East African embassy attacks and the USS Cole attack.
Investigations continue into the backgrounds of all the hijackers.
/>


62. From intelligence sources, the following facts have been
established subsequent to 11 September; for intelligence reasons, the names
of associates, though known, are not given.



In the run-up
to 11 September, bin Laden was mounting a concerted propaganda campaign
amongst like-minded groups of people – including videos and documentation –
justifying attacks on Jewish and American targets; and claiming that those
who died in the course of them were carrying out God’s work.

We
have learned, subsequent to 11 September, that Bin Laden himself asserted
shortly before 11 September that he was preparing a major attack on
America.

In August and early September close associates of Bin
Laden were warned to return to Afghanistan from other parts of the world by
10 September.

Immediately prior to 11 September some known
associates of Bin Laden were naming the date for action as on or around 11
September.

Since 11 September we have learned that one of Bin
Laden’s closest and most senior associates was responsible for the detailed
planning of the attacks.

There is evidence of a very specific
nature relating to the guilt of Bin Laden and his associates that is too
sensitive to release.

63. Usama Bin Laden remains in charge, and
the mastermind, of Al Qaida. In Al Qaida, an operation on the scale of the
11 September attacks would have been approved by Usama Bin Laden
himself.



64. The modus operandi of 11 September was
entirely consistent with previous attacks. Al Qaida’s record of atrocities
is characterised by meticulous long term planning, a desire to inflict mass
casualties, suicide bombers, and multiple simultaneous attacks.
/>


65. The attacks of 11 September 2001 are entirely consistent
with the scale and sophistication of the planning which went into the
attacks on the East African Embassies and the USS Cole. No warnings were
given for these three attacks, just as there was none on 11 September.
/>


66. Al Qaida operatives, in evidence given in the East African
Embassy bomb trials, have described how the group spends years preparing for
an attack. They conduct repeated surveillance, patiently gather materials,
and identify and vet operatives, who have the skills to participate in the
attack and the willingness to die for their cause.



67.
The operatives involved in the 11 September atrocities attended flight
schools, used flight simulators to study the controls of larger aircraft and
placed potential airports and routes under surveillance.


/>
68. Al Qaida’s attacks are characterised by total disregard for innocent
lives, including Muslims. In an interview after the East African bombings,
Usama Bin Laden insisted that the need to attack the United States excused
the killing of other innocent civilians, Muslim and non-Muslim alike.
/>


69. No other organisation has both the motivation and the
capability to carry out attacks like those of the 11 September – only the Al
Qaida network under Usama Bin Laden.



Conclusion
/>


70. The attacks of the 11 September 2001 were planned and
carried out by Al Qaida, an organisation whose head is Usama Bin Laden. That
organisation has the will, and the resources, to execute further attacks of
similar scale. Both the United States and its close allies are targets for
such attacks. The attack could not have occurred without the alliance
between the Taleban and Usama Bin Laden, which allowed Bin Laden to operate
freely in Afghanistan, promoting, planning and executing terrorist activity.







คัดลอกจาก href='http://www.number10.gov.uk/news.asp?NewsId=2686'
target='_blank'>http://www.number10.gov.uk/news.asp?NewsId=2686
/>
PDF: href='http://www.number10.gov.uk/filestore/Evidence%20-%20PDF%20version.pdf'
target='_blank'>http://www.number10.gov.uk/filestore/Evidence%20-%20PDF%20version.pdf
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Joe:D
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ความคิดเห็นที่ 1  เมื่อ 05 ต.ค. 01, 11:58

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นกข.
บุคคลทั่วไป
ความคิดเห็นที่ 2  เมื่อ 05 ต.ค. 01, 15:13

ดูข่าวซีเอ็นเอ็นแล้วครับ

โปรแกรมแปลอังกฤษเป็นไทยอันนี้แปลแล้วตลกดี คำว่า ข่าวกรอง ทุกที่ พ่อจับแปลเป็น สติปัญญา หมด...

มีคนที่เชื่อหลักฐานนี้ เช่น นายกอังกฤษ แต่ก็มีคนตั้งข้อสงสัยว่าโดยปกติรายงานทางข่าวกรองเขาไม่ใช้เป็นหลักฐานทางศาล
บันทึกการเข้า
นกข.
บุคคลทั่วไป
ความคิดเห็นที่ 3  เมื่อ 05 ต.ค. 01, 15:20

ที่จริง โปรยหัวของเอกสารก็เขียนไว้แล้วว่าอย่างนั้น คือ ไม่ถือว่าเป็นหลักฐานที่จะกล่าวโทษใครที่จะฟังได้ในศาลยุติธรรม แต่มีน้ำหนักพอที่จะให้รัฐบาลอังกฤษเชื่อ (และพิจารณาดำเนินการทางการเมืองได้) - HMG คือ รัฐบาลของสมเด็จพระบรมราชินีนาถ Her Majesty's Government คือ รัฐบาลอังกฤษนั่นแหละครับ



Cole จะแปลว่าไม้ชนิดหนึ่งมีน้ำมันให้แกะกิน หรือไม่ก็ไม่รู้ ผมไม่สนใจว่าแปลว่าอะไร แต่ในที่นี้ USS Cole เป็น ชื่อ เรือรบสหรัฐนาวีลำหนึ่งที่ถูกก่อวินาศกรรมเมื่อไม่นานมานี้ (โปรแกรมพาซื่อจริง ๆ... แปลหมดเลย...)
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